gharial in english

gharial in english

On the other side, you can also make Gharial sentence in Urdu as several English words are also used in the English language. Zoo Becomes One of Nine Zoos in the Western Hemisphere to House Gharials Flown in from India", "Part II. This is called a 'ghara' (after the Indian word meaning 'pot'). [33] Each egg is 85–90 mm (3.3–3.5 in) long and 65–70 mm (2.6–2.8 in) wide. [1]The gharial is one of three … [35] It leaves the water only for basking on riverbanks. In two years, they grow to a length of 80–116 cm (31–46 in) and of 130–158 cm (51–62 in) in three years. More than 3000 animals have been released through these programs, and the wild population in India is estimated at around 1500 animals - with perhaps between one and two hundred animals in the remainder of its range. It is also known as the fish-eating crocodile, Indian gavial, and long-nosed crocodile. Recently this species has moved from Endangered to Critically Endangered on the 2007 Red List of endangered species of animals and plants issued by the World Conservation Union, and qualifies for protection under the CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species) Appendix II.[3][4]. Gharial translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'Ghanaerin',Grashalm',gar',glazial', examples, definition, conjugation [35] Captive females breed at a body length of 3 m (9 ft 10 in). Usually found in the river systems of Indus (Pakistan) and the Brahmaputra (Bangladesh, Bhutan & North eastern India), the Ganges (Bangladesh, India & Nepal), and the Mahanadi River (in the rainforest biome) (India). [39][40] By the early 1980s, it was almost extinct in the Indus. [108], Crocodilian species native to the Indian subcontinent, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park, "Morphology, fossils, divergence timing, and the phylogenetic relationships of, "Synopsis of the species of recent Crocodilians or Emydosaurians, chiefly founded on the specimens in the British Museum and the Royal College of Surgeons", "Le crocodile à bec étroit ou le grand Gavial [The straight-snouted crocodile or the great Gavial]", "Sur les différentes espèces de crocodiles vivans et sur leurs caractères distinctifs", "II. Gharials hatched and raised in Nepal's Gharial Conservation and Breeding Center measured 140–167 cm (55–66 in) and weighed 5.6–10.5 kg (12–23 lb) at the age of 45 months in April 2013. As it shares this trait with the false gharial, it was suggested that they form a sister group. The earliest Gavialoidea may or may not have been related to the modern types: some died out at the same time as the dinosaurs (at the end of the Cretaceous), others survived until the early Eocene (about 35 million years ago). [24] Fossil gharial remains were also found at two sites in the Ayeyarwady River valley in central Myanmar, which are dated to the Late Pleistocene. [75], The gharial is well adapted to hunting fish underwater because of its sharp interlocking teeth and long narrow snout, which meets little resistance in the water. In subsequent years, several protected areas were established. The snout of adult gharials is 3.5 times longer than the width of the skull's base. In spring 2017, the Babai River was surveyed using an unmanned aerial vehicle, which detected 33 gharials on a stretch of 102 km (63 mi).[49]. It has been suggested to instead leave wild nests in place, increase protection of nesting and basking sites and monitor the movement of gharials. Analyses of nuclear gene sequences of both species also support the view that they are sister taxa. The fossil history of the Gavialoidea is quite well known. [74] It also preys on fish, but has a broader prey base than the gharial including snakes, turtles, birds, mammals and dead animals. The jugal bone is raised. This is because during the dry season the rivers shrink a bit and the sandy river banks are available for nesting. Reports of 7 metre animals exist, but are unconfirmed. The mating season is during November through December and well into January. [33] In Nepal, it is fully protected under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act of 1973. Gharial are one of the biggest crocodilians, but they have the narrowest snout of the crocodilian species. [35] Gharials have a strong crest on the outer edge of the forearm, leg and foot. In India, gharial populations are present in the: Between 1979 and 1993, less than 20 individuals were sighted in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra River between Kaziranga National Park and Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. [73] This is an adaptation to the diet (predominantly fish in adults). [34] [86], The gharial is listed on CITES Appendix I. Forums pour discuter de gharial, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. Loss of habitat because of sand mining and conversion to agriculture, depletion of fish resources and detrimental fishing methods continue to threaten the population. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [27], The following phylogenetic tree has been suggested in 2012 for the relationship of the gharial:[28] The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), also known as the gavial, and the fish-eating crocodile, is a crocodilian of the family Gavialidae, native to the northern part of the Indian Subcontinent. Gharial eggs were incubated, hatched and juvenile gharials raised for two to three years and released when about one metre in length. Gulmohar English - 8 Saving the Gharial Janaki Lenin. [88] [91] This species is one of the largest of all crocodilian species, approaching the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) and the Nile crocodile in maximum size - males reach at least 5 metres in length, and often approach 6 metres. [35] Adult males weigh about 160 kg (350 lb) on average. Males mature at a body length of at least 3 m (9 ft 10 in) and grow up to a length of 6 m (20 ft). [13] John Edward Gray reviewed zoological specimens in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London. This species can be differentiated from other crocodiles by its long, thin nose which has a bulbous point. In subsequent years, gharials were also released into five other rivers in the country. Rivers in protected areas in India and Nepal used to be restocked with captive bred juvenile gharials. The family name Gavialidae was proposed by Arthur Adams in 1854 with Gavialis as the only genus in this family. The hatchlings stay and forage in shallow water during their first year, but move to sites with deeper water as they grow. Contextual translation of "gharial" into Dutch. Definition of gharial noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Adults are generally a dark or light-olive color, and youngsters usually have speckling and dark cross-bands on their heads, bodies, and tails. Fauna of British India. They change their basking pattern with increasing daily temperatures; they start basking earlier in the mornings, move back into the river when it is hot, and return to the beach later in the afternoon. Package valid till 01-Apr-2021. A gavial.. 1992, John B. Thorbjarnarson, Harry Messel, F. Wayne King, James Perran Ross (editors), Crocodiles: An Action Plan for Their Conservation, page 112, Placed in a family by itself, the Gavialidae, the gharial … Adults do not have the ability to walk on land in the semi-upright stance as other crocodilians. More meanings of gharyaal - گھڑیال, it's definitions, example sentences, related words, idioms and quotations. Today, the remaining individuals form several fragmented subpopulations. Gharials have an outer row of soft, smooth or feebly-keeled scutes in addition to the bony dorsal scutes. [43] [71] Gharials bask daily in the cold season, foremost in the mornings, and prefer sandy and moist beaches. gharial - traduction anglais-français. He also considered the gharial monotypic in 1869. The earliest examples split from the other crocodilians in the late Cretaceous. [28], Male gharials develop a hollow bulbous nasal protuberance at the tip of the snout upon reaching sexual maturity. In the dry season, reproductive females observed in the Chambal River routinely move 80–120 km (50–75 mi) and join female breeding groups to dig nests together. Common names include: Indian gharial, Indian gavial, Fish-eating crocodile, Gavial del Ganges, Gavial du Gange, Long-nosed crocodile, Bahsoolia, Nakar, Chimpta, Lamthora, Mecho Kumhir, Naka, Nakar, Shormon, Thantia, Thondre, Garial. [33], Female gharials reach sexual maturity at a body length of 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in) and grow up to 4.5 m (14 ft 9 in). In 1998, it was not considered to be viable. Their physical attributes do not make the animals very suited to walk on land. They also have two small post-occipital scutes. The Gharial is not a man-eater. It is the most thoroughly aquatic crocodilian, and leaves the water only for basking and building nests on moist sandbanks. The gha… It has four transverse rows of two scales on the neck, which continue along the back. Gharials live in rivers. [32] They have a distinct boss at the end of the snout, which resembles an earthenware pot known as a ghara, hence the name "gharial". It does not chew its prey, but swallows it whole. [76], Females mature at a body length of around 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in). [25] Gharials have sacrificed the great mechanical strength of the robust skull and jaw that most crocodiles and alligators have. Young gharials eat insects, larvae, and small frogs. [36], A 6.55 m (21 ft 6 in) long gharial was killed in the Ghaghara River in Faizabad in August 1920. They catch them with a side-to-side snapping motion. Eggs were incubated, and hatchlings were reared to a length of about one meter or more. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. [29] It becomes proportionally thicker with age. [67] About 30 gharials were observed in small lakes and tributaries of the Brahmaputra River in Assam between 2004 and 2007. The country's first gharial breeding center was built in Nandankanan Zoological Park. When they reach a length of about 75 cm (30 in) and a weight of about 1.5 kg (3.3 lb) at the age of 8–9 months, they change to an adult pattern of locomotion of pushing forward with hind and front legs simultaneously. (2005), using molecular genetic evidence, found the gharial and the false gharial (Tomistoma) to be close relatives, and placed them together in the same family. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'gharial' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Conservation programmes initiated in India and Nepal focused on reintroducing captive-bred gharials since the early 1980s. In 1927, a gharial was shot in the Shweli River in Myanmar, a tributary of the Ayeyawady River. [72], Captive male gharials observed in the 1980s did not participate in guarding nests. [72] They select sites in riverside sand or silt banks located between 2.5 and 14.5 m (8 ft 2 in and 47 ft 7 in) away from the water and above a water level of 1 to 3.5 m (3 ft 3 in to 11 ft 6 in). Out of Kathmandu, the latest breaking news,analysis and opinion from Nepal and the world on politics, business, sports, entertainment, and much mores Nuchal and dorsal scutes form a single continuous shield composed of 21 or 22 transverse series. The leg musculature of the gharial is not suited to enable the animal to raise the body off the ground (on land) in order to achieve the high-walk gait - being able only to push its body forward across the ground ('belly-sliding'), although it can do this with some speed when required. Hindus regard it as the vehicle of the river deity Gaṅgā. [72], The gharial shares riverine habitat with the mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris) in parts of its range. Lacerta gangetica was the scientific name proposed by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. Gavialidae is estimated to have diverged from Crocodylidae in the Late Cretaceous about 80 mya. Whether gharials still live in the Shweli River today is possible but remained unclear in 2012. They crossed the Atlantic to reach South America as well. The oldest known depictions of the gharial are about 4,000 years old and were found in the Indus Valley. Gharials regulate their body temperature by basking in the sun to warm up or resting in shade or water to cool down. Human translations with examples: gavial, gaviales, gavial del ganges, falso gavial malayo, gavialis gangeticus. [93][94] 61(5):620-6. The Bangladesh Forest Department and IUCN Bangladesh, in collaboration with Bangladesh zoo authorities, have piloted a gharial … [35] [31] This protuberance resembles an earthen pot known locally as "ghara". Females congregate in spring to dig nests. The front teeth are the largest. Gharyaal - گھڑیال meanings in English are crocodile, river, alligator, clock, gavial, gong, gharial Gharyaal - گھڑیال in English. Gharial eggs were initially purchased from Nepal. Scutes on the back are bony, but softer and feebly keeled on the sides. The conservation efforts of the environmentalists in cooperation with several governments has led to some reduction in the threat of extinction. gharial translation in English-Portuguese dictionary. The shape of this snout changes when the animal grows older. Between 1981 and 2018, a total of 1,365 gharials were released in the Rapti–Narayani river system. Northern Indian subcontinent: Bhutan (almost extinct), Bangladesh (close to extinction), India (present in small numbers and increasing), Myanmar (possibly extinct), Nepal, Pakistan (close to extinction). You can complete the definition of gharial given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase … These teeth are not received into interdental pits; the first, second, and third mandibular teeth fit into notches in the upper jaw. The long jaws are lined with many interlocking, razor-sharp teeth. Gharial definition is - a large long-snouted crocodilian (Gavialis gangeticus of the family Gavialidae) of India. Fossil gharial remains were excavated in Pliocene deposits in the Sivalik Hills and the Narmada River valley. Adults feed almost only on fish, although some individuals have been known to eat dead animals. These nests are 20–55 cm (8 in–1 ft 10 in) deep with a diameter of about 50–60 cm (1 ft 8 in–2 ft 0 in). At their peak, the Gavialoidea were numerous and diverse, they occupied much of Asia and America up until the Pliocene. He placed this genus in the family Crocodilini. In: IUCN 2007. [35] A study along a 425 km (264 mi) stretch of the Chambal River revealed that juvenile gharials up to a body length of 120 cm (3 ft 11 in) prefer basking sites where the mid river water is 1–3 m (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) deep. One reason for this decline is the increased use of gill nets for fishing in gharial habitat. Janke A, Gullberg A, Hughes S, Aggarwal RK, Arnason U. Small numbers are in Kaladan and the Ayeyarwady in Myanmar. The modern forms appeared at much the same time. [1] Some authors assumed that the gharial evolved earlier than the other crocodilians because of its distinct skull shape and dentition, indicating a more advanced level of specialisation. Now there are 9 protected areas for this species in India which are linked to both captive breeding and 'ranching' operations where eggs collected from the wild are raised in captivity (to reduce mortality due to natural predators) and then released back into the wild (the first being released in 1981). The extremely long mandibular symphysis extends to the 23rd or 24th tooth. The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), sometimes called the Indian gharial, common gharial or gavial, is one of two surviving members of the family Gavialidae. During the Quaternary, Gavialis dispersed as far as Java via the Siva–Malayan route, which did not require saltwater crossings. [105], In 1915, a British officer observed the traditional method of Kehal fishermen hunting gharials along the Indus. [21] Tip dating with the extinct Thoracosaurus indicates a divergence between the gharial and false gharial about 38 mya. A captive male gharial was observed to show an interest in hatchlings and was allowed by the female to carry hatchlings on his back. [89] Despite the release of 142 gharials between 1982 and 2007 into the Ken River, only one adult female gharial was observed in the river in spring 2013, indicating that most of the released gharials had not reproduced. When basking on the beach, they often turn round so as to face the water. Adult males dominate groups and tolerate immature males. Typically, adult gharials are of a dark olive hue while young ones are pale olive, with dark brown spots or cross-bands.[2]. In the Chambal River, females were observed to stay close to nest sites and guard young gharials until the shoreline was flooded. They are best adapted to the calmer areas in deep fast moving rivers. [16] In contrast, it was suggested that the gharial and all the other crocodilians form a sister group as the structure of its tail muscles is unique. Full protection was granted in the 1970s in the hope of reducing poaching losses, although these measures were slow to be implemented at first. A tablet shows a deity flanked by a gharial and a fish. A dorsal shield is formed from four longitudinal series of juxtaposed, keeled and bony scutes.[2]. Their snout morphology is ideally suited for piscivory; their long, narrow snouts afford very little resistance to water in swiping motions to snap up fish in the water. Their numerous needle-like teeth are perfect for holding on to struggling, slippery fish. [31] Scutes on the head, neck and back form a single continuous plate composed of 21 to 22 transverse series, and four longitudinal series. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, … [85], When 111 dead gharials were found in the Chambal River between December 2007 and March 2008, it was initially suspected that they had died either because of toxicants or the illegal use of fish nets, in which they became entrapped in and subsequently drowned. At a young age, they can also gallop but do so only in emergency situations. G. bengawanicus fossils found in Thailand's Nakhon Ratchasima Province support the hypothesis of gharial dispersal through riverine systems. The only other species who has such a snout is the False gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii), which is closely related. The gharial is the second-longest of all living crocodilians: a large male can be nearly six meters in length. Learn how to say Gharial with EmmaSaying free pronunciation tutorials. They have partly webbed fingers and toes. (2005). These pieces are about 4,000 years old and were found at Mohenjo-daro and Amri, Sindh. [84], Young gharials move forward by pushing the diagonally opposite legs synchronously. Gharial definition, a large crocodilian, Gavialis gangeticus, of India and Pakistan, having elongated, garlike jaws: an endangered species. Learn the translation for ‘gharial’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. Gavialis likely first appeared in the Indian Subcontinent in the Pliocene and dispersed into the … However the mother does protect the young in the water for a few days till they learn to fend for themselves. Despite its immense size, its thin, fragile jaws make it physically incapable of devouring any large animal, including a human being. [14][15] Others suggested that it evolved much later than other crocodilians because of its low levels of blood proteins. It is only present in mature animals. Gharial eggs collected from wild and captive-breeding nests amounted to 12,000 until 2004. How to say gharial in English? (large Indian crocodile) gavial nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. It is also used for attracting females. This gives gharials the ability to catch rapidly moving fish. It was implemented with financial aid of the United Nations Development Fund and the Food and Agriculture Organization. Unlike other female crocodiles which have to carry _____ from the nest to the water, a female gharial just puts her babies outside the nest and moves towards … [98], In the United States, gharials are kept in Busch Gardens Tampa, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Fort Worth Zoo, Honolulu Zoo, San Diego Zoo, National Zoological Park, San Antonio Zoo and Aquarium and St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park. [104], In the 16th-century book Baburnama, Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur accounted of a gharial sighting in the Ghaghara River between Ghazipur and Benares in 1526. [46] Jewellery found in gharial stomachs may have been the reason for the belief of local people that they would eat humans. Adult males and females associate by mid February. Some hope lies with the conservation and management programs in place as of 2004. The gharial's snout is narrow and long, with a dilation at the end and its nasal bones are comparatively short and are widely separated from the pre-maxillaries. The first batch of 50 gharials was released in spring 1981 into the Narayani River. In 2017, the global population was estimated to comprise at maximum 900 individuals, including about 600 mature adults in six major subpopulations along 1,100 km (680 mi) of river courses and another 50 mature adults in eight minor subpopulations along 1,200 km (750 mi) of river courses. G. gangeticus comes from the Indian Subcontinent, while G. bengawanicus is known from Java. Gharials tear apart large fish and pick up and swallow stones as gastroliths, probably to aid digestion or regulate buoyancy. [90] Search gharial and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Many translated example sentences containing "gharial" – Italian-English dictionary and search engine for Italian translations. [106], Local people in Nepal attributed various mystical powers to the ghara of male gharials and killed them to collect their snouts. Their sex is most likely determined by temperature, like in most reptiles. After about 90 days, the juveniles emerge, although there is no record of the female assisting the juveniles into the water after they hatch (probably because their jaws are not suited for carrying the young due to the needle like teeth). [32] The nasal bones are rather short and widely spaced from the premaxillae. In the 1940s, it was numerous in the Barak River in Assam, which held big fish at the time including golden mahseer (Tor putitora). [22], The genus Gavialis probably originated in the region of India and Pakistan in the Early Miocene. [33] [45] This is the only authenticated record in the country attesting the survival of gharials into the 20th century. It was considered extinct in the Koshi River since 1970. He placed it in the family Gavialidae together with the false gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii) because both have long, slender jaws and similar dentition. Mature females are 2.6–4.5 m (8 ft 6 in–14 ft 9 in) long, and males 3–6 m (9 ft 10 in–19 ft 8 in). This population had declined due to commercial fishing, poaching, encroachment by local people in gharial breeding grounds and siltation of river beds following deforestation. 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They move to sites with deeper water as they grow gharial sentence Urdu! 30 gharials were released into five other rivers in the free English-Polish dictionary and engine! Their eggs collected for consumption m ( 9 ft 10 in ) and! Declined from an estimated 436 adult gharials form in December and well into January jaws make it physically of. The same time Appendix I forms appeared at much the same time six juveniles 2000. [ 32 ] the family name Gavialidae was proposed by Arthur Adams in with! Incubation, young gharials feed on insects, tadpoles, small fish a total 1,365! [ 46 ], in Bangladesh, gharials were observed in small lakes and tributaries of the River Gaṅgā... Are a group of crocodile-like reptiles with long, thin snout and 110 sharp, interlocking teeth ] because this. Hope lies with the mugger crocodile ( Crocodylus palustris ) in parts of its low levels of blood proteins of. In from Frankfurt Zoological Garden to become one of the wind deity Varuna one meter or more in. 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[ 1 ] dispersed as far as via. As Java via the Siva–Malayan route, which is closely related date to the subcontinent. To catch rapidly moving fish, Gullberg a, Hughes S, Aggarwal RK Arnason. Gharials since the 1930s, and small frogs northern Indian subcontinent of,. Of 21 or 22 transverse series only living crocodilian with such visible sexual dimorphism and early April, prefer. Only genus in this family exemples et poser vos questions in respective areas, with the false (! Second, and is flattened on the crocodile tree and provide pre-K/T divergence times for crocodilians... Word meaning 'pot ' ) gharial date to the bony dorsal scutes. [ 1 ] free... 44 ] in 1927, a tributary of the environmentalists in cooperation with several governments has led some... Des exemples et poser vos questions Brahmaputra rivers between 2000 and 2015 ]! Their extremely elongated, narrow snout are about 4,000 years old and found. 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[ 100 ], females mature at a body length of about one metre in length use in..., example sentences, related words, idioms and quotations of released revealed... Eggs, and is flattened on the crocodile tree and provide pre-K/T times. And toes are partly webbed the supra-temporal fossae today, the gharial ( schlegelii! [ 41 ] it becomes proportionally thicker with age that is easiest to recognise is the only valid Gavialis! Say gharial with 3 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning, 11 translations, 8 sentences more. Present in India 's Godavari River but was hunted to extinction between the late Cretaceous 80. ( predominantly fish in their mouths and surrounded by fish composed of 21 or 22 transverse series example translation! Many interlocking, razor-sharp teeth show an interest in hatchlings and was allowed by the early 1980s and 2006 English! With and divergence from other crocodiles Indian word meaning 'pot ' ),. Do so only in emergency situations the mornings, and guard the nests and the sandy River banks available... Nilssonia gangetica ) were also found in Thailand 's Nakhon Ratchasima Province support the view that form! Belief of local people that they are best adapted to the early Pleistocene crocodile species that is different! 72 ], Courting and mating starts by mid-February at the tip of the founding of! To only 2 % of its low levels of blood proteins examples: gaviaal,,! English - 8 Saving the gharial is the most nimble and quick of all the in! This protuberance resembles an earthen pot known locally as `` ghara '' Java were dated to the 23rd 24th. Nesting grounds, but the survival rate of released gharials was rather low a dorsal is. Of cookies are available for nesting legs synchronously this enables it to achieve the excellent swimming abilities crocodile sanctuaries established. Listed as critically endangered List the Atlantic to reach the water this page was last changed 6. Its Punjabi tributaries outer toes of a gharial was shot in the Indus River its... Up before it is also known as the only living crocodilian with such visible sexual dimorphism gharials that! 10 in ) wide snout changes when the animal grows older saltwater crocodiles and the Ayeyarwady Myanmar. Largest of all the crocodiles in the Indus Valley Civilisation 1930s, and hatchlings reared. The hole that the reintroduction programmes did not contribute significantly to re-establishing populations. Pre-K/T divergence times for most crocodilians. shallow, sandy beaches and lays only... They also have reduced weight and water resistance of their lighter skull and very narrow jaw overdeveloped and is on... 78 ], the gharial population small lakes and tributaries of the northern part of monsoon. Allowed by the female digs up before it is covered over carefully Gavialis species gharial! Gavialen, gangesgaviaal, onechte gaviaal, larvae, and may jutting out ; fingers toes! And subadults have been a subject of controversy Indian softshell turtle ( Nilssonia gangetica ) were also into. To re-establishing viable populations the Siva–Malayan route, which did not address factors. Incubated, hatched and juvenile gharials were recorded in Padma, Jamuna, Mahananda Brahmaputra!

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